Two new ancient species of cockroach have been found, perfectly preserved in amber, in a cave in Myanmar.
Scientists named the well-preserved specimens Crenocticola svadba and Mulleriblattina bowangi, with both dating back about 99 million years ago — placing them on earth during the time of the dinosaurs.
The cockroaches were discovered, according to Phys.org, among amber deposits that had been taken out of a mine in Myanmar’s Hukawng Valley.
“Cave environments are well suited for fossilization of bones and coprolites [or fossilized feces] and the fossil record of cave mammals includes rodents, ungulates, marsupials, ursids, felids, hyaenids, canids, primates and humans,” they wrote in their paper, which was published in Gondwana Research.
Scientists found ancient cockroaches preserved in amber. (Image: © Lenka Podstrelená, Sendi et al. Gondwana Res 2020 (Copyright Elsevier 2020))
((Image: © Lenka Podstrelená, Sendi et al. Gondwana Res 2020 (Copyright Elsevier 2020)))
The specimens have a number of features in common with modern cockroaches living in caves, according to researchers, including small eyes and small wings that are attached to tiny bodies
As for how the cockroaches ended up fossilized in amber, scientists were not entirely sure.
Ancient resin may have dripped from tree roots into the cockroaches’ caves and then hardened around the insects, Live Science reports.